The Bus to Nowhere

I’ve just been writing about the East West Rail project for the German rail magazine Eisenbahnkurier. This large project includes the reinstatement of the Varsity Line between Oxford and Cambridge closed in 1967 despite not being included in Dr. Beeching’s infamous hit list. Even at the time this looked a poor decision. This was a line of clear strategic significance crossing four on the main routes between London and the Midlands and North, the old GWR London to Birmingham route at Bicester, the West Coast Main Line  at Bletchley , the Midland Main Line at Bedford and the East Coast Main Line at Sandy. At both Bletchley and Sandy  millions had been spent in the early 1960s on the building of flyovers to facilitate traffic on the Varsity Line. This was money thrown away when the line was closed.

The damage is now being rectified and the green light has been given to the reinstatement and electrification of the line between Oxford and Bedford. But what of Bedford to Cambridge?  This section closed completely in 1967 and was lifted soon afterwards. There have been a number of encroachments on the track bed, all of recent origin. The most barmy of all, however, is the conversion of a mile or so on the outskirts of Cambridge into a guided busway.   This threatens to frustrate the achievement of a transport infrastructure project of national importance.  Cambridgeshire County Council has form in this area, having destroyed an intact railway from Cambridge to St. Ives to create a nineteen mile long busway that does nothing to relieve congestion in Cambridge on the grounds that it relieves congestion on the A14 which a restored passenger railway would also have done. The project came in at over three times the budget and significantly late. Value for money it was not.

The malaise has, sadly, spread and the last government gave the go ahead for a railway between Luton and Dunstable to be destroyed in the same way. In an era of successful railway reopenings reversing the errors of Beeching, (Cardiff-Ebbw Vale, Edinburgh to Glasgow via Airdrie to name but two) Cambridgeshire are way out of step. In the interest of rational transport policy planning they need to be stopped before they do any more damage. But who will do this?

Noor Inayat Khan

In an age of anti-Muslim hysteria  a brave Muslim woman who gave her life for our country was remembered this week with the unveiling of a statue in Bloomsbury. After working as an agent for the Special Operations Executive she was arrested and shot at Dachau after withstanding months of torture and giving away no secrets.

NOOR INAYAT KHAN

By sunset on the second day

your Holy Book prescribes burial.

Mourners shall come in white.

Killers dressed in black denied

you burial. You are severed from

the earth, without a grave, your

life implied by things,

by photographs, by dresses

in a dark oak wardrobe

uniform jacket and skirt,

the smell of mothballs, a clock

that ticks in blacked out London

as it ticked in the spring

on the day you last walked in,

last hung up your jacket

and ticked away your absence

as it ticked for you at

sunset on the second day.

Copyright Peter Bateman 2011

Cranmer for Catholics?

The Catholic Church has a problem with English. Quite why I am not sure. Vernacular versions of the Mass in French, German and Polish work perfectly well and achieve the dual aim of fidelity to the Latin and sense and poetry in the vernacular. English speakers have had no such luck. The 1973 English translation of the Mass, replaced last year, was full of flat and lifeless language, accompanied by a translation of the Bible devoid of poetry and imagination. It was long overdue for replacement.

It was replaced, but by something worse. Space does not permit me to go into the politics of the new English translation or consider why the proposed 1998 translation was shelved by the Vatican despite its approval by the relevant Episcopal Conferences. That is not the main issue. The problem is that English, a Germanic language, has been squeezed into a Latin straitjacket for the purposes of the translation on the spurious grounds that it is somehow more elevated. Sadly, bad English can never be elevated and bad is what a lot of the new translation is. It appears to be the work of people who are deaf to the natural cadences and rhythms of our ancient and beautiful language, so much so that you suspect that the involvement of people who are not native speakers. German and Polish, to name but two languages with excellent translations of the Mass, have clearly not been subject to such interference. Why English?

As a prime example of crass bad style look at the Gloria which, in the new version has no natural rhythm or flow. The credo has replaced ‘of one being with the father’ with ‘consubstantial’ which is a technical theological term not likely to be understood by many. If these texts did need to be changed why was the Anglican communion rite not consulted as an example of effective translation into English? Our Anglican brethren, by the way, say ‘of one Being’.

And talking of Anglicans, it is most instructive to look at the communion service of the Book of Common Prayer. This is substantially the work of Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury listed on the board in Westminster Cathedral as ‘deprived for heresy’ but a man with a real ear for the English language. It is essentially a translation of the pre-Reformation Rite of Sarum so a good example of how to translate the Latin Mass into English. Look also at the Anglican service of Evensong described by Pope Benedict as among the treasures that the Ordinariate brings to the Church. Here is the Magnificat.

‘My soul doth magnify the Lord : and my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour.

For he hath regarded : the lowliness of his handmaiden.

For behold, from henceforth : all generations shall call me blessed.

For he that is mighty hath magnified me : and holy is his Name.

And his mercy is on them that fear him : throughout all generations.

He hath shewed strength with his arm : he hath scattered the proud in the imagination of their hearts.

He hath put down the mighty from their seat : and hath exalted the humble and meek.

He hath filled the hungry with good things : and the rich he hath sent empty away.

He remembering his mercy hath holpen his servant Israel : as he promised to our forefathers, Abraham and his seed for ever.

Note that Cranmer does not eschew Latin words and there are many of them here. He does, however, understand that good English style, then as now, results from maintaining a balance and creative tension between the Latin derived and the Germanic lexicon of the English language. This point, known to all of the great English writers, has completely escaped those responsible for the new translation of the Mass. Cranmer may, indeed, have been a heretic but one from whom the Catholic Church could learn a lot in its perpetual struggles with the English language. In a small way it already has. Amongst the gaudy ostentation of over ornate and pretentious language a thing of beauty and simplicity has survived, even after the Anglicans have abandoned it:

‘Our father who art in heaven,

Hallowed by Thy name,

Thy kingdom come,

Thy will be done

On Earth as it is in Heaven.

Give Us this day our daily bread

And forgive us our trespasses

As we forgive those who trespass against us

And let us not into temptation

But deliver us from evil’

Amen